Crime Definition and the Various Kinds of Crimes You Should Know

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A crime according to Crimegist is known to be a behavior that prevents the state and federal rules as enacted by the authorities; these behaviors are seen as harmful to individuals or the society. Crime is an act committed against the law or legal code of a state.
If an individual is involved in any of these acts, he may be found guilty of a crime, which is usually followed by a legal proceeding in a court of law. Sociology is the main aspect of human studies that is concerned with the field of crime and deviance. This aspect of sociology concentrates exceedingly on the offender and why the offender committed the crime.

The media usually report criminal activities and trials in the present society. They are usually reported in movies and top television shows. As a result, individuals sometimes think about themselves as being well-enlightened about the various forms of crimes. Be that as it may, it is possible for the law to get complicated to the highest level.

Different forms of crime are in existence. Despite that, crimes are grouped into four, which are property crimes, inchoate crimes, personal crimes and statutory crimes.

  • Statutory crimes: It is an infringement of a well-defined federal or state law and it can include personal or property offenses. It comprises

i. Sales of alcohol to minors

ii. Crimes having relationship to alcohol, like drunk driving

  • Personal crimes: they are crimes or offenses committed against an individual these crimes cause mental or physical injury to the individual good examples of personal crimes are:
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i. Rape, statutory rape, sexual assault, and other sexual crimes

ii. False imprisonment

iii. Kidnapping

iv. Battery

v.  Assault

vi. Homicide, which includes various crimes, like involuntary manslaughter, murder, vehicular homicide and first and second-degree crimes.

  • Inchoate crimes: this type of crime means incomplete. It shows a crime that started without being completed. It occurs when someone makes a major move to commit a crime without completing it. It is different from the intent to commit a crime. Examples of inchoate crimes are:

i. Solicitation

ii. Conspiracy

iii.  Attempt, like attempted murder; it is about attempting a crime

  • Property crimes: These offenses are against properties. These offenses do not target any particular individual. Instead, they interfere with an individual’s right to enjoy or use his or her property. Examples of property crimes are:

i. Receipt of stolen goods

ii.  Forgery

iii. False pretense

iv. Arson

v. Embezzlement

vi. Robbery, which is robbery by force. It can also be called a personal crime since it can cause mental and physical harm to the victim.

vii. Burglary

viii.  Larceny or theft

The crimes outlined above are forbidden formally in all states. Be that as it may, each of the states has its unique way of writing, controlling and punishing the crime. Some activities may be banned in one state, while they may be acceptable in another. In some parts of Nevada, for example, there is no law against prostitution, whereas prostitution is counted as a crime in all other states. Also, not all states permit the position of a concealed firearm.

Various gravity or weights for various crimes

Gravity, weight or level of seriousness usually determines the designation of crimes, like a felony or misdemeanor crime. The distinctions among crimes are highlighted below:

  • Felony:

i. the individual may spend up to one year or more in a state prison

ii. examples are more consequential crimes, like kidnapping, robbery, and murder

  • Misdemeanor:

i.  It involves shoplifting, DUI or other less consequential crimes

ii.  They generally convey a jail sentence of fine. The sentence is usually less than a year. The crimes are further divided into sub-classes by state laws. For example, offenses showing hostility to individuals may get divided into “Non-Violent Crimes” and “Violent Crimes.” Sexual crimes are also categorized by some states. The purpose of this categorizing is to make sentencing easier. The intention of a crime can also be used in classifying crimes. The main classifications in this regard are General Intent Crimes and Specific Intent Crimes. The tags refer to the mind state a defendant should possess before he can be found guilty of a crime.

When to seek legal advice

There is no simple way to describe a crime. Crimes also have variants and divergent types; each of them is determined via basis of jurisdiction or state. Anyone facing criminal charges and accusations is advised to get a criminal defense lawyer immediately. The lawyers will check your case and they provide you with the best possible.

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